It is a bone disorder. Softening of the bones is known as Osteomalacia. Severe deficiency of vitamin D is the main cause of this problem. Chances of fracture become enhanced because of soft bones. There is a major difference between osteomalacia and osteoporosis. Osteomalacia occurs due to the improper bone building process, while osteoporosis occurs because of weakening or thinning of bones. It may lead to bowing bones during growth in children and in young adults, especially the weight-bearing bones of legs. This disease may also affect older adults and cause fractures.
The signs and symptoms of it are following:
- At early stages, there are no any symptoms
- Muscle weakness
- Bone fracture
- Bone pain (The dull and aching pain that may affect the lower back, pelvis, hips, legs as well as ribs)
- Spasms in hands as well as in feet
- Decreased muscle tone
- Legs weakness
- Waddling gait and slower walk
The pain mostly worsens at night or when more pressure at bones. By rest, this pain can be minimized.
It happens due to any defect in the bone-maturing process. The common cause of this condition is the deficiency of vitamin-D that helps to absorb calcium. Minerals such as calcium and phosphate are essential requirement to build strong bones. So this disorder may occur due to lack of these minerals. Main causes are following:
- Vitamin D deficiency
- Certain surgeries
- Celiac disease
- Certain medication such as phenytoin or Phenobarbital overuse
- Kidney disorder
- Liver disease
The risk of developing this disease in people who have inadequate dietary intake of vitamin D as well as less exposure to the sunlight, especially older adults and those people who have housebound or hospitalized.
If the condition becomes severe and not treated then there are chances of broken bones, particularly in ribs, spine or legs. It is more common in women, especially in pregnant ladies.
These are effective management for osteomalacia.
- Vitamin D is essential for the bones growth and strength. Use vitamin D rich product as much as you can. These foods include fortified milk, bread, yogurt, cereals, egg yolk, salmon, fish liver oil etc. Sunlight is a great source of vitamin D. Daily at least 2-hour exposure in sun can fulfill this need.
- Take adequate amount of calcium according to your body need. Main sources are milk and dairy products, eggs, green leafy vegetables, sesame seeds, green leafy vegetable, and tofu.