grave's disease

grave’s disease

Introduction of grave’s disease

It is a disease of the immune system that results in excessive production of thyroid hormones. It is a common cause of hyperthyroidism. Female becomes more victim of this disease after the age of 40 years. It was firstly described by the Sir Robert Graves. It is cured if proper treatment course is followed but it may cause death if not treated for a long time. The hormones that are released or secreted via thyroid gland control the speed by which body changes food into energy. In short, we can say it is responsible for proper metabolism. This grave disease also referred as toxic diffuse goiter. It is an autoimmune disorder. The exact cause of this disease is not clear but genetic and environmental factor may affect the thyroid activity.


Major symptoms of the grave disease are:

  • Irritability
  • A fine tremor of hands as well as of fingers
  • Anxiety
  • Thick and red skin mostly of shin or top of the feet
  • Bulging eyes
  • Irregular heart beat
  • Goiter or enlarged thyroid gland
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Excessive bowel movement
  • Retracted or puffy eyelid
  • Change in menstrual cycle
  • Pressure on eyes
  • Inflamed and redness in eyes
  • Pain in eyes with mild or severe gritty sensation
  • Increased perspiration or mostly skin moist
  • Trouble in sleeping
  • Enhanced sense of smell
  • Heat sensitivity
  • Inflammation around eyes
  • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Vision loss
  • Palpitations
  • Hair thinning
  • Light sensitivity

Risk factors:

The main risk factors associated with this disease are:

  • Inherited disease
  • Genetic disease
  • Gender specificity: females are more prone to this disease
  • Emotional stress
  • Physical stress
  • Age: more common after 40 years of age.
  • Other autoimmune disorders
  • Pregnancy
  • Smoking


There are various factors which may cause grave disease but most possible causes of this disease are:

  • Leaky gut syndrome
  • Toxicity
  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Food allergies
  • Malfunction in body immunity
  • Certain carbohydrate accumulation
Selena Sage Asked on March 18, 2017 in Disease.
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